My first Animation

Here is how to create your first Animation using Avastar. I assume that you have a bit of experience with Blender. We will do a three frame animation. This is just to get you started, as your experience grows you will find there are much faster and fun ways to pose and animate your character. It’s assumed you’ve already installed Avastar.
Note: Avastar supports .bvh and .anim format. Both formats are fully supported by all major viewers for OpenSim and compatible online worlds.

Preparations

How to add a new Avastar Character

Navigate to:

add -> Avastar -> Basic/Extended

The Avastar character is based on the
SL Avatar definition files
from Linden Lab.

The Avastar is fully compatible with the character from Second Life and all similar online worlds like OpenSim for example.

Adding a new Avastar

You add a new Avastar Character in Object mode. You navigate to the Add -> Avastar menu and select from one of the rig types:

AvastarObject

Avastar’s default Shape is compatible with SL’s default Shape.

After a short time (typically 2-4 secs) a new Avastar character is created in the 3D View and at the current 3D cursor location .

Compatibility to Second Life

Avastar is fully compatible with Secondlife.

The Default Avastar character uses the exact same Default Shape in Blender that you also get when you create a new shape in SL.

The character in Blender is shown exactly like the Avatar in SL. Some users believe Avastar is wrong. If you think so as well, then please use the Avastar Restshape (see below)

Note: You also can set the character Gender in the Avastar Appearance panel (See image below)

default_shape

The SL default Shape (Create new Shape).

Default Shape and Restshape

You can reset your Shape in Blender to the SL Default Shape in the Tool Shelf – Appearance panel.

Click on the yellow stickman icon in the Shape preset header at the top of the Preset Selector (see image)

If you prefer to use the SL Restshape (like with the Avatar Workbench) then select the white stickman icon instead (right to the yellow default shape icon, see image).

Image345

In SL you create the default shape from your Inventory: (See image)

new_shape

What else you should know

  • New Avastar characters can only be created when you are in Object Mode.
  • A new character will always be placed at the Center of the 3D View
  • You can hide (‘h’) or remove (‘x’) not needed parts of the Avatar meshes (like the skirt or the hair for example) without breaking the tools.
  • You can create as many characters as you like aside each other and so you can create multi-character animations.
The character that you know from avatar.blend or from the workbench (sometimes also named “ruth”) is equivalent to the SL Restshape (the white stickman icon in the Appearance Sliders). Further explanations can be found in the Avastar vs. Workbench Skeleton article.
Now we switch to Blender’s default Animation screen. You do this from the Top menu Bar.
Note: Of course you can switch to whichever screen you prefer instead. But note that you will want access to the Timeline, the 3D View, the Dope Sheet and the Properties Editor.

Details about the Animation environment

Here is an overview of Blender’s default animation screen:

In the Dope Sheet switch the Mode from Dope Sheet to Action Editor with the pop up menu in the header.

Hint: If the Mode Popup menu does not appear, then move the mouse over the menu bar of the Dope Sheet window, then press middle mouse button and while keeping the MMB pressed, drag to the left side.

In the Action Editor mode you can create new Actions. You find the corresponding popup menu in the Dope sheet menu bar:


Press the white plus sign to get a new action and name it “FirstAnimation”.

Remind: If you do not find the Actions menu on your screen, then MMB -> drag to the left (as described above)
Hint: you can edit the action name right inside the popup menu.

Adjust the timeline

On the Timeline click on the first frame of your animation, for this animation set it to zero. You can do that either by dragging the green progress indicator until the position indicator displays “0”, or by immediately typing “0” into the position indicator as marked on the image below.
Hint: Use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom the timeline in and out and the middle mouse button (or hold down Alt) to pan.

 

Create the Start frame

I assume that you are still in Object mode now. In the 3D View ensure that the armature is selected by right-click on one of the rings surrounding the avatar. The rings should now appear in bright orange.

Then switch to Pose Mode. Now all Skeleton handles appear in a green color. You can select any of these handles and move them and rotate them as you like.

However while playig with the Pose you will note that we have placed a few constraints to the various parts of the skeleton. We did this mainly to keep you from ripping the character into pieces by dragging the bones to unrealistic positions.

Note on Rotation

The easiest way to rotate the bones is to use the rotation manipulator controls. For your first steps you may want to select the curve segment in the 3D Manipulator widget so Blender will show the rotation manipulators when you select a bone:

You may want to use the Rotation mode “Normal”. I found this the most convenient mode when working with the mouse.

As you get more experienced with Blender you will use keyboard shortcuts more and more. Maybe you will even skip the 3D Manipulator after a while when you realize how efficient the usage of shortcuts actually is.

More Animation details

More about Rig Display Properties

You have full control over which parts of the Rig get displayed at a given time. The Rig Display control panel is located in the Object Data section of the Properties panel. Below you find a comprehensive documentation.

More about the Rig Display

Rig Display Style

[PS Showtime url=”/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/map_rig_display.png”]

The Rig Display section gives you full control over which parts of the Mesh and the Rig can be seen at a given time. By default only the Control bones and the main parts of the Avastar mesh are visible. But sometimes it is desirable to hide or unhide parts of the Rig or parts of the Avastar meshes.

Furthermore the control bones (green) use custom shapes by default. That is, they are formed as rings which are placed around the Avastar body. The benefit of the custom shapes is that they can be selected easier. But sometimes it is desired to switch from Custom shapes back to Blender’s default shapes (Sticks or Octahedrons).

The Rig Display panel is subdivided into three major parts:

Control Style settings

The first 2 buttons in the Rig display settings panel are used for switching between custom shape and blender’s default shape:

  • Custom Shapes: Set all control bones to use custom shapes (Default)
  • Stick Shapes: Set all bones to use Blender’ default shapes.

You can switch between both display options at any time. But when you switch to Custom Shapes, then the bone X-Ray setting is automatically disabled, while when you switch to Stick Shapes, the X-Ray setting is automatically enabled.

More about the Skeleton

As explained above we can now move and rotate the skeleton as we like. We see that the mesh moves along with the bone movements and we will finally end with our start pose for frame zero of the animation (where you want the bones for the start pose) Remind that we are only moving and rotating the green skeleton handles for now.

SL Control Bones

All the green skeleton handles are the SL Control Bones and act as FK (forward-kinematic) controls. They have just been given funny shapes so they lie outside the avatar and are less visually distracting. When an element is shown in light green then it is currently selected and will react on your move, scale and rotate commands. You can select single bones by right click, or add bones to the selection by SHIFT right click.
img-1-002

The Control Bones (and the IK Bones) are used for Animation.

The Avastar Skeleton contains 2 additional Control Bones with very special properties:

The COG

Center of Gravity bone. Use this bone to set the location and rotation of the whole character. The COG bone will be recorded in your animation and its movements will also be transported to your online world later.

The Origin

All movements are relative to the Origin bone. Moving this bone around will not affect the animation in any way. If you are doing multiple character animations set their origins slightly apart to where pose balls would start. Once you are happy with the location hide the bone.

SL Base Bones & Collision Volumes

Besides the (green) SL Control Bones we find many other bones in the Avastar Rig. We especially have two subsets of bones named the (blue) SL Base Bones. and the (orange) Collision Volume Bones. These 2 subsets of Bones are used only for weighting (skinning) your character or attachment. But they are never(!) used for animating your character.
2-2

Never directly use the SL Base Bones and the Collision Volumes for animating! Animations are created only with the green Control Bones and the IK Bones.

Mandatory rules

  • Weight only the blue SL Bones (and the orange Volume Bones).
  • Animate only the green bones (and possibly the IK Bones).
  • Never add weight to the green SL Control bones.
  • Never use the blue SL Base bones for animating.

Store the Intro Pose

Once you are happy with your first frame posture press the a key twice in the 3D View to select all bones (it toggles the selection so the first time it will deselect everything if you had a bone selected). The Rig should now look similar to what you see on the image to the right.

Now press i to insert a new key frame. From the appearing popup menu select Rotation (see image below).

Almost always you will set just rotation key frames. The exception is if you are moving the COG or IK control bones, in which case you should set the location too with Location or LocRot for both.

Note: You do not need to create a starting T-pose. The .anim format doesn’t require it and Avastar automatically inserts the required reference frame for the BVH format.
Important: Never use the Keyframe option Whole Character! This option would insert keyframes for all 139 bones (visible and invisible). The Avastar Animation exporter will complain about too many bones in Animation.

The Action Editor

You should see the Action Editor gets populated with the bone names and a yellow diamond at frame 0.

Note:We have simply selected all bones for our pose. This poses a potential problem:

Assume that you wanted the current animation to play “on top of” your default stand pose. In the Stand pose the avatar head can be moved freely. But when you add this animation, the head will move according to this animation and “override” the default head movements.If you do not want to override the head animations, then you have to remove the head data.

The easiest way to do that is by left click on the corresponding Bone name in the Action Editor(“Head” in our example) and then delete the entire bone from the animation (press “x” on the keyboard).

Note: You can also “mute” the bone by clicking on the little speaker icon next to the bone name. If a bone is not listed in the action or is muted it will not be controlled by the animation.

Note: In more advanced work you can play with creating sets of animations which control only a few bones each, and which you can mix and match with the Gesture editor in Second Life.

Add the Ending Pose

  1. Lets imagine the animation will run at the equivalent of 25fps. Click on the timeline on frame 25 which is one sec later (see image below)
  2. Repose the avatar how you want it to appear one sec later and again select all the bones and insert a rotation key frame (a to select all and i to insert key frame). Do something simple like a bow or a hand wave for your first animation.
  3. Click on the timeline at 50 (two secs into your animation), then pose and key frame the bone rotations for the final frame.
Hint: In the Timeline use the play buttons to preview your animation:
Hint: You also can scroll through your animation by grabbing the green time locator and drag it from left to right and back.When you want to set intermediate key frames, then just move the time locator to where you want to add a key frame, then adjust your pose and finally press a twice ( to select al bones) and then i(and select rotation)
Hint: You can delete a keyframe with ALT+i but take care here: This will only work when you have selected the bones which you want to remove from the time line.You can always first select all bones, then ALT+i to ensure you remove the entire key frame.

Prepare the Export

You find the “Animation Export” panel in the Render Properties section of the Properties window.

  • Make sure the mode is set to BVH
  • set the FPS to 25
  • Set the Start frame to 1
  • Set the End frame to 50.
  • Make sure Prepend reference is checked.
Note: You can also export to .anim format. But then you will need a patched SL Viewer. We have verified that Phoenix and Firestorm can import anim files.
Note: For anim Imports you will need to use Bulk Upload and NOT the Animation upload! A detailed description of this will follow in the reference guide.

Export the Animation

  1. Finally, export the animation by clicking on the Export Animation button. You will be prompted for a filename and location which by default will take on the name of the action you set before.
  2. Once saved, fire up your Viewer, and from the file menu select Upload then Animation. Find and upload your animation, it will appear in your Animations folder. During upload you will have to choose an appropriate priority.
  3. Run it and show off your creation.
Note: If you don’t see the animation play out, you may need to switch off your AO. This happens if the animations in your AO have been badly designed and are running at the highest priority).

 

This tutorial has only scratched the surface of what is possible. Things you will want to explore next are using the IK controls, looping part of the animation, animating only certain bones, using the Graph Editor… Feel free to download my own firstAnimation with Avastar.